[Translated by Hadding Scott (except for minor modifications) from the 16th (1940) edition of Hansjoerg Maennel’s Politische Fibel. Source.]
A people (nation) is a community of human beings with the same descent, language, culture, history, and homeland, and the same political will. The people is a community of blood and destiny. Shared ancestry is the most important characteristic. We Germans are all related to each other. Other characteristics of a people, language, culture, history, and homeland are not as important.
Language is the most conspicuous sign of nationality. One recognizes the scion of a people by his language. It can also happen however that a people adopts an alien tongue. The Jewish people for example speaks the language of the respective host nation.
Every true culture is bound to the people. Art is always rooted in folkdom; it is never “international.” This does not rule out the possibility that certain masterworks acquire supranational importance. On the other hand there are peoples that are capable of no cultural achievement.
Every people has its own history. Perhaps no people has a past so great and proud as ours. In the convoluted course of German history the German people was indeed torn asunder again and again into separate states, but, because of the mighty, historic deed of our Leader, united Germandom now will bear a single shared destiny.
Every people has a special settlement region, a homeland. It is one of the greatest tasks of every nation to adjust its living space to fit its population-count. Germany was for centuries a “people without space,” while other European peoples ruled great world-empires. Because German living space was too small, hundreds of thousands of the best Germans emigrated to foreign lands, with the result that they were mostly lost to Germandom. We therefore demand living space which corresponds to the accomplishments of the German people upon this earth. No people has a greater right to colonies than the German people.
An important characteristic is the common political will. The awareness of belonging together, national consciousness, is of decisive importance for a people. A people becomes a nation when it is animated by a unitary political will and unifies itself in a durable state. It was through the National-Socialist Revolution that the Germans first became a nation. Adolf Hitler has given to the German people a singular political will; he has thereby made it into a true nation. While the concept “people” in German history often expressed something contemptible (“common people”), National-Socialism has elevated the people to the central and most important value.
The people articulates itself organically into tribes, clans, and families.
The family is the germ-cell of the people. It is, as the smallest and most natural blood-bond, one of the most important foundations of our entire life. Every human being is decisively influenced in the house of his parents. The Jew knows very well that he can only destroy the peoples among whom he lives if he destroys the family. On the other hand the soundness of our people is only possible through a purposeful nurturing of the family.
While one understands by “family” only the nearest relatives, one calls the broader circle of blood-relationship the clan. In Germanic prehistory the clan played a major role. It will again acquire greater importance in the Ethnic State.
The largest hereditary units within a people are the tribes. They define themselves through the same dialect, through the same customs and usages, and through a common homeland. In Germany we are acquainted for example with the tribes of Lower Saxony, Franconia, Swabia, Bavaria, Saxony, Silesia, etc. However great the differences between the particular German tribes may appear, the commonality which binds them all is greater by far. The tribes are only parts of the people, a community of destiny.
People and race are not the same. “People” is a political and cultural concept; “race” is a concept of biology and natural science. The people is a bond of destiny; the race by contrast is not a political community but the eternal spring from which the people derives its strength.
The people is the only political community. Everything we do should be for the benefit of the German people. We struggle and sacrifice for our German people.
Adolf Hitler: “By fending off the Jew, I fight for the work of the Lord.”
The Jews are a people, not a race. They are often portrayed as a race in order to emphasize their distinctness. They are a people completely alien to us Germans, with an entirely different racial composition. The chief racial components of Jewry are the Armenoid [vorderasiatische] and Semitic [orientalische] races. In the course of their history they have mixed themselves with almost all other races of the world.
We National-Socialists are anti-Semites, i.e. adversaries of the Jews. We do not oppose Jewry as a religion. A baptized Jew remains racially and ethnically still a Jew. – We are likewise not gutter anti-Semites, nor are we “strictly” anti-Semites. Rather, we are adversaries of the Jews for the following reasons:
1. Jewry is a foreign people. The Jew is of completely different descent, of alien blood; he has an entirely different political will. A Jew is always in the first place only a Jew, then also perhaps – when it is of benefit to him – “German,” “English,” “French,” etc. – Jewry considers itself the “Chosen People” and strives for world power.
2. The Jew is a parasite, a sponger. He always corrupts the people in which he dwells. Jewry deliberately destroys the host people’s basic prerequisites for life. Jewry is the “ferment of decomposition” (Mommsen), i.e. the force of destruction. The Jew knows very well how to camouflage himself and to adapt himself (to “assimilate”) to the people among whom he dwells. He systematically poisons every healthy people; for in an unhealthy people the Jewish sponger thrives better.
Jews were most of the black-marketeers and profiteers from war and inflation. Jews were the key “leaders” of the Marxist and Liberal parties. The Jew systematically divided the German people in order to be able to govern. He corrupted art, undermined all moral and heroic strengths of our people. All of public life became more and more Judaized. This alien people pushes its way into all important positions. Almost the entire press, and thus public opinion, were controlled by Jews. Above all the economic power of the Jew escalated more and more. He prevailed not because of his greater ability but as a consequence of his brazenness, brutality, and lack of conscience. The Jew ruled the German people.
Against this, National-Socialism organizes the unified defense of the German nation.
Adolf Hitler has broken the Jewish influence in Germany. All the more does World Jewry now agitate throughout the world for the National-Socialist Reich, which it hates, to be destroyed in a second World War. But this war, on the contrary, will end Jewish world power. Through the victorious campaign of the 18 days in Poland and Galicia, the core province of today’s Jews, this world plague has already been struck to the core. Furthermore the Führer will eliminate Jewry in all Europe [i.e. through expulsion from Europe], and thereby frustrate all Jewish plans for world government.*
* Scott: “This paragraph reflects the circumstances of 1940 and is totally absent from the original 1934 edition. It is an elaboration of a statement from Hitler’s speech of 30 January 1939, which said that if “international finance Jewry within Europe and abroad” succeeded in fomenting another world war, the result would be the Vernichtung of the Jewish race in Europe. The rationale given in this paragraph is that getting the Jews out of Europe gets them away from the centers of power in the world.”